Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP)

The federal Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program—commonly known as SNAP and formerly known as Food Stamps—is the largest food assistance program in the United States. In recent years, Maryland’s SNAP program has served more than 600,000 individuals each month. The studies listed below examine households and adult recipients of the SNAP program in Maryland as well as those who have left Maryland's SNAP program.

Reports are free of charge, and may be downloaded from this page.

The ABAWD Time Limit in Maryland: Impacts on Employment and SNAP Participation
(August 2022) Lauren A. Hall

 

Throughout 2016, Maryland’s ABAWD time limit waiver expired across 11 jurisdictions, creating a natural experiment to test the effects of the policy change. This report examines the employment and SNAP participation of 235,545 unique ABAWDs who received SNAP between 2015 and 2017. These ABAWDs had a total of 911,591 quarters of SNAP receipt during this time. ABAWDs’ quarterly observations were divided into treatment (time limit waiver ended) and control (time limit waiver continued) groups. Using descriptive and quasi-experimental methods, we tested the effects of the time limit waiver expiration on employment and SNAP participation.

Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program: 2021 Jurisdictional Profiles
(May 2022) Jessica Gagliardi & Lauren A. Hall

 

These state- and jurisdictional-level profiles complement the recently released profile of Maryland SNAP Households in 2021. Each jurisdiction has a one-page profile that examines all households in a jurisdiction that received SNAP during SFY 2021. It includes characteristics of households as well as demographics and employment information for adult recipients.

Maryland SNAP Households, 2021
(March 2022) Lauren A. Hall

 

This report examines the 572,623 unique households that received SNAP for at least one month during state fiscal year (SFY) 2021.

Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program: 2020 Jurisdictional Profiles 

(May 2021) Haley Smith & Lauren A. Hall

 

These state- and jurisdictional-level profiles complement the recently released Profile of Maryland SNAP Households, 2020 report. Each jurisdiction has a one-page profile that examines all households in a jurisdiction that received SNAP during SFY 2020. It includes characteristics of households as well as demographics and employment information for adult recipients. Each profile also highlights changes between pre-pandemic and pandemic households.

A Profile of Maryland SNAP Households, 2020: Before and During the COVID-19 Pandemic
(April 2021) Lauren A. Hall 

  This report examines all households that received Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) benefits in Maryland for at least one month during SFY 2020 by two cohorts: (1) pre-pandemic cohort—households that began receiving SNAP between July 2019 and March 2020; and (2) pandemic cohort—households who began receiving SNAP between April and June 2020.